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Beyond general intelligence

Beyond general intelligence What is intelligence Since intelligence tests were originally constructed with the practical goal of identifying students in need of alternative education Binet Simon items were devised to mea

  • Title: Beyond general intelligence
  • Author: Scott Barry Kaufman
  • ISBN: 9781109206616
  • Page: 299
  • Format: NOOKstudy eTextbook
  • What is intelligence Since intelligence tests were originally constructed with the practical goal of identifying students in need of alternative education Binet Simon, 1916 , items were devised to measure a general ability to profit from explicit instruction Indeed, Spearman 1904 discovered a consistent tendency for cognitive test items to positively correlate wWhat is intelligence Since intelligence tests were originally constructed with the practical goal of identifying students in need of alternative education Binet Simon, 1916 , items were devised to measure a general ability to profit from explicit instruction Indeed, Spearman 1904 discovered a consistent tendency for cognitive test items to positively correlate with one another and he labelled this common variance g for general intelligence In this dissertation, I argue that g is Explicit Cognitive Ability ECA and I aim to go beyond g by expanding the methodologies and dependent measures traditionally studied by intelligence researchers Toward these goals, I proposed a dual process theory of human intelligence in which intelligent behavior is jointly influenced by Controlled and Autonomous forms of Cognition While Controlled Cognition is largely constrained by Central Executive Functions, Autonomous Cognition is not Further, Autonomous Cognition predicts a range of intelligent outcomes above and beyond ECA The theory was largely supported in a sample of 177 English Sixth Form College students between the ages of 16 18 Neither implicit learning IL of probabilistic sequential patterns nor latent inhibition LI of stimuli that was previously tagged as irrelevant was related to ECA or Intellect IL was, however, positively associated with specific components of cognitive ability, foreign language achievement, Openness to Experience, self reported holistic intuition and impulsivity Further, decreased LI i.e increased flexibility was positively associated with self reported faith in affective intuition and creative achievement in the Arts Additionally, self reported desire and Openness to Intellectual Engagement e.g abstract thought , Affective Engagement e.g emotions , and Aesthetic Engagement e.g Art, Music and Fantasy displayed differential patterns of predictions with the ability measures as well as deductive reasoning They were also differentially related to self report measures of the Big Five Costa McCrae, 1992 , impulsivity, need for uniqueness, and creative achievement in the Arts and Sciences Further, Fantasy Engagement predicted deductive reasoning even after controlling for ECA The results suggest that variations in both Controlled Reflective and Autonomous Spontaneous forms of cognition can contribute to a complete understanding of human intelligence.

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      Published :2019-02-02T07:22:41+00:00

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